Classical guitar has many, many rules and best practices to remember. It also has several things to constantly avoid. So with all the “remember this” and “don’t do that”, where is the mental bandwidth supposed to come from to actually play some real music?
By the end of this article, you’ll be better equipped to manage your focus and improve the effectiveness of your guitar practice.
You’ll get an overview of practice and musical goals, and have a manageable process to make sure you’re covering all your bases.
What It Takes to Play Beautifully
To play beautifully, we need to successfully balance (in no particular order):
- Maintaining good technique
- Avoiding mistakes, traps, and common errors
- Projecting our music ideas (or, making it sound like we want it to.)
This is a lot to think about all at one time. But, as my musical coach often says, “Well, if it was easy, anyone could do it.” (In truth, anyone CAN do it, if they practice, but I haven’t found arguing with him very effective.)
Of course, over time, our understanding of all the above three components expands and becomes more automatic. But even at the beginning stages we can explore the concepts and practice more effectively to learn them.
Agendas: What You Focus on in Practice
1. Maintaining Good Technique
The first component, maintaining good technique, comes of habits learned in your technique practice.
This is a positive agenda: “Do it THIS way.”
Scales, arpeggios, exercises and other technical practice tools allow us to deeply explore how we move. We create habits of movement that we can rely on so that when our minds are elsewhere (such as on the notes or rhythm) we still play with consistent tone quality, and with the form and positioning that we know works.
2. Avoiding Mistakes, Traps and Common Errors
The second component has us focusing on avoiding things we know we want to avoid.
These may be general, common errors, or ones more specific to our individual bad habits or tendencies. As we learn better technique, we may have to be constantly aware of what we used to do, and be mindful to avoid the old way in favor of the new.
This is a negative agenda: “Don’t do That.”
3. Projecting Our Music Ideas
The above two really exist to allow for this component: Projecting our music ideas.
Musical ideas are comprised of dynamics, articulations, phrasing, the “story behind the music”, and anything else we bring to it.
This is what we are truly after. This is the ultimate purpose of developing good technique and abilities, and for pursuing the daily endeavor of practicing.
When all’s said and done, everything we practice and study and learn are, at the root level, in service to creating beautiful music that connects, transcends, and transports.
When we are first starting out, our ideas are small and may be largely formulated by “So-n-so plays it this way…”. Or, “It says forte, so I’m playing it loud.
“Musical study goes on forever, gloriously.”
The study goes on forever, gloriously.
This is the larger, musical positive agenda. This is the why behind the why.
Agendas and the Alexander Technique
In Alexander Technique, a study in bodily use, there are two main parts: inhibition and direction.
Inhibition is “don’t do that”. Actively keep yourself from doing something you know you don’t want to do.
Direction is keeping front of mind what you want to have happen.
The two go hand in hand. A negative and positive agenda. “Don’t do that; I want this.”
We need negative agendas. We have to know what to avoid. (otherwise we’d all be maimed by now by preventable accidents in everyday life, like crossing the street or chopping vegetables.)
A negative agenda is important, but it’s only one part of the whole.
If you lack a positive agenda, and react based on a negative one, the result you end up with will likely be as bad or worse as what you tried to avoid.
(If you’d like ample examples of outcomes based on negative agendas and the increased problems that ensue, examine the results of The War on _____.)
Positive agendas are where we lay the groundwork for actual desired results.
We’re not just moving away from something, but instead moving toward something.
This is where we get what we want.
However, if we blindly and clumsily blunder toward our desires without heeding consequences, common pitfalls, experience, historical lessons learned, then we’re no more than children setting out to save the world. It feels promising, but it doesn’t really go anywhere.
A Place For Everything
So we need both the negative and positive agendas in our practices.
We need to understand deeply what we want to avoid so that we instantly recognize it before it takes hold.
And we need to know what we are shooting for, so that we stand a chance of attaining it.
And to do all this, we have to sometimes isolate issues.
In technique practice, we learn and play patterns that we can ingrain so deeply that we can spare the “mental RAM” to work on specific little issues contained in the larger action.
For instance, if you memorize a scale shape, and practice it often, then the pattern itself becomes habitual. Then you can focus on specific issue of string-crossing (for example). Or dynamics, finger placement, tone quality, or myriad other issues.
If we only play pieces, we are always using our “mental RAM” to simply play the notes. We don’t get better as guitarists, only perhaps as note-players (which sounds boring).
When we first become aware that we are doing something that we would be better off not doing (such as bicycling the right hand fingers), we may need to simplify our practice down to just doing an exercise with one hand and intentionally avoiding the old habit. With time, we can incorporate the other hand or more complexity to test and strengthen the new habit.
All Good Things Spring from a Positive Agenda
If we are not mindful of our negative agenda (what to avoid), our efforts will be undermined by old habits, distraction, and preventable problems.
But all beauty we create will come by way of a positive agenda.
Another quote from my coach, Mark Westcott: “Beautiful music doesn’t play itself.”
“Beautiful music doesn’t play itself.” Mark Westcott
Even phenomenal compositions must be brought to life by the player. Beautiful music is a collaboration between composer and performer. It takes two to tango.
(As a side note, there is a camp of performers that play devoid of musical intention and claim that they are “letting the music speak for itself”. To this I can only say “the emperor wears no clothes”. Even if it’s clean and fast, it still needs a positive musical agenda, otherwise, I’d just as soon listen to my computer play it.)
It’s Actually Simple…
Of course, if you are just beginning your guitar journey, some of this may seem large and daunting. But it needn’t.
We all start from “Go” and progress one step at a time. The issues and practice methods are the same for the fresh beginner and the seasoned professional:
- Develop solid technique
- Avoid pitfalls
- Project your musical ideas
We are all at varying points on the path of each of these. The important thing is to be aware of them, and ensure that you are progressing in each. (Or, as a negative agenda: don’t stagnate.”)
To ensure that you are moving forward and growing in all three areas, perhaps the best thing you can do is to commit to being aware of what you are doing.
As much as possible, always play through each repetition of your practice with some specific purpose and intent. Mindless repetition will send you off in the wrong direction. Instead, choose one little thing to focus on (either doing or not doing), and make the repetition about that one thing.
This may be a bit different for you at first, but with very little time, you’ll create a habit of being more intentional and having more “specifics” in your practice. It’s well worth the effort!
Oh, and if you need to spice things up, here are a few practice questions to blow your mind.
Releasing the Need for Perfection and Just Playing
Because we can always improve and perfect our playing, it can be easy to become perfectionistic about our playing.
Elizabeth Gilbert once said (I may be paraphrasing), “Perfectionism is just fear in really good shoes.”
“Perfectionism is just fear in really good shoes.”
At the end of the day, we are in this game because we want something beautiful and lovely in our lives. We may be attracted to different aspects of the art and study at different times. But in the end, we want it to be nice.
In the perfect practice, we are identifying issues, and working directly (positive agenda!) to master them. This may mean letting something else slide in service to the main focus. So be it. We can work on the other issue next time.
As time goes on, our ability to identify good technique, things to avoid, and opportunities for musical expression will increase and become more refined.
As long as we can stay focused on our “prime directive” (be aware, have fun), we’ll have rewarding sessions each day that bring us step by step forward on the musical path. Classical guitar lives in the practice, not the performance.
As Joe Campbell (or someone else?) said, “When you’re on the path, you’re at the goal.”
“When you’re on the path, you’re at the goal.”
Over to You
What’s your positive agenda right now? What do you want to have happen in your practice, music, or life? Share your answer in the comments below!