Classical Guitar 101: String Names, Finger Names and More
Are you just getting started on guitar? If so, you’re in the right place.
Below you’ll find many of the basics of guitar. These are words and labels that are useful to know as a beginner. You’ll find guitar string names and numbers, and guitar finger names and numbers. You’ll discover the parts of the guitar, and how to tune your guitar.
However, the most important part of learning guitar is playing. This means your hands are on the instrument and you are doing something intentional. As a beginner, just about anything you do on guitar will bring you forward.
So certainly learn the lessons below. But let your main goals include fingers touching strings.
The Guitar Finger Names
On the guitar, we have names for our right- and left-hand fingers.
Finger Names for the Left Hand
First, the left hand fingers on guitar are named 1, 2, 3 and 4. This is from pointer to little finger.
The thumb is just the thumb. No number. (Though in some folk method books we see it labeled “T”, or “0.”)
So for the Left Hand:
- Index = 1
- Middle = 2
- Ring = 3
- Pinky (little) = 4
- Thumb = Thumb
Finger Names for the Right Hand on Guitar
The right hand fingers are mostly used for classical guitar. Some folk methods label the right fingers differently. But the names below have been standard for generations in classical guitar. The names come from the finger names in Spanish.
Right Hand Fingers:
- Thumb = P (pulgar)
- Index = I (indice)
- Middle: M (medio)
- Ring = A (anular)
- Little = C (chiquito. d, ñ, and ch are also used)
Guitar String Names and Numbers
On guitar, each string has both a letter name (note name) and a number.
The guitar strings are numbered 1–6 from the smallest string (closest to the floor) to the biggest.
The note names for these strings often go in the opposite direction – from big to little.
From biggest to smallest strings, the note names are EADGBE.
Guitar String Names Acronyms
To remember “eadgbe”, an acronym may help. This gives a word for each letter, in an easy-to-remember phrase.
Some common guitar string name acronyms are:
- Elephants And Dogs Grow Big Ears (“donkey” is also common for D
- Eddie Ate Dynamite, Good Bye Eddie
- Every American Dollar Goes Back East
- Every Acid Dealer Gets Busted Eventually
Each of the above acronyms appeals to different ages and personalities. There are also countless others, and you can make up your own.
Fret Numbers on Guitar
The frets are the horizontal lines on the image above. On guitar, these are the metal crosspieces on the guitar neck.
Frets are numbered. Zero (0) is the open string. This means no fingers are pressed on the string.
From there, we call them in order, starting with one (1) and moving up. On a classical guitar, the body meets the neck at the 12th fret. More on parts of the guitar below.
When pressing a finger on a string, do so just behind the fret. This sounds best and takes the least effort.
Parts of the Guitar
Each part of the guitar has a name. Apart from a few key terms, these are largely trivia (unless you build guitars).
The guitar parts are named similar to human body parts. Looking at the guitar, we can imagine a long-necked woman. This is said to have inspired the names.
The most important to know for practical use are the strings, frets and tuning keys.
How to Tune Your Guitar
There are many methods with which we can tune a guitar. As a beginner, the easiest will be with an electronic tuner or app.
You can search your phone or device app-store for “guitar tuner” and find free and paid options.
When doing so, it helps to know the strings names and numbers, found above.
Another way of tuning is to make one open string (no fingers on the string) sound like a note on another string. This lets us get the guitar in tune with itself.
Using this method, the guitar may not be in tune with what the rest of the world defines as “in tune”. Standard tuning is when the A = 440hz. This means that the note “A” vibrates 440 per second. This is what most tuning forks are set to. And this is what an electronic tuner will tell you is in tune.
No matter. The main thing is that you can play a chord and it sounds good.
Here’s the method:
- Place a finger on the fifth fret of the 6 string (low E string). Make a nice tunnel so you don’t touch the 5th string.
- Now play the open (no fret pressed) 5th string.
- These notes should sound the same. If not, turn the tuning key for the 5th string until it matches the 6th string pitch.
- Then repeat with the other strings.
One thing: when we go to tune the 2nd string, we press the 4th fret of the 3rd string (not the 5th like all the others.
So the order of frets, from string 6 down to one are: 55545
This will take some getting used to. Tuning by ear takes practice. To help train your ear, you can first use an electronic tuner or app, then go through this process afterward. This will help you learn what “in tune” sounds like. And it will let your practice the tuning process, without having to actually tune.
Hi, I’m Allen Mathews.
I started as a folk guitarist, then fell in love with classical guitar in my 20’s. Despite a lot of practice and schooling, I still couldn’t get my music to flow well. I struggled with excess tension. My music sounded forced. And my hands and body were often sore. I got frustrated, and couldn’t see the way forward. Then, over the next decade, I studied with two other stellar teachers – one focused on the technical movements, and one on the musical (he was a concert pianist). In time, I came to discover a new set of formulas and movements. These brought new life and vitality to my practice. Now I help guitarists find more comfort and flow in their music, so they play more beautifully.
Click here for a sample formula.
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